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The rivalry of the systems following 1945 brought about a political fragmentation in a small area in Southeastern Europe that was second to none. The consideration of the region as a "focal point of the Cold War" is therefore almost inevitable, in order to discuss interactions between global power constellations and local characteristics and continuities.
Janis Nalbadidacis and Matthias Thaden on a workshop at the HU Berlin.

In the case of an escalation of the East-West conflict, all sectors of East German society were expected to meet the wartime needs of the National People's Army - the NVA – and fully support the operations of the country's forces and those of its allies. Already during peacetime, large parts of the GDR population had therefore been integrated into sweeping mobilization preparations. By Johannes Mühle.

The two Germanies' respective South Asia policies relied on and referenced one another to such an extent that they on occasion punctured the bipolarity of the Cold War. In so doing the GDR and the FRG decidedly pursued their own interests, which often differed substantially from those of the superpowers on either side of the Iron Curtain. By Alexander Benatar.

The Royal Air Force (RAF) Museum is one charity with two sites open to the public at Hendon in North London and Cosford in Shropshire. The site at Cosford opened as a museum in 1979.

The Norwegian National Aviation Museum is Norway's main museum for the history of aviation.

The command bunker of Odense, Denmark, was intended to offer shelter in case of a – most likely nuclear – World War III.

The Hospital in the Rock Nuclear Bunker Museum is situated in the heart of Europe, beneath the Buda Castle in Budapest, Hungary.

Langelandsfort was built in 1952-53 as part of the Danish naval defense and in 1997 it was turned into a Cold war museum as part of the Langelands Museums.

Bentwaters Cold War Museum is based in the United States Air Force (USAF) hardened command post on the former Bentwaters airbase which closed after the withdrawal of the USAF in 1993, and is believ

The 28 Group Observed is a registered Scottish Charity who looks after the Royal Observer Corps (ROC) Caledonian Sector bunker at Craigiebarns, Dundee, United Kingdom.

The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History is a Smithsonian affiliated, nationally accredited museum, and it is the only congressionally chartered museum in its field.

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Across more than 3,000 square meters of exhibition space, the German Spy Museum gives a unique insight into the world of international espionage where once the Berlin Wall split the City.

The Center for Military History and Social Sciences of the German Armed Forces (ZMSBw) is a research institute of the Federal German Government.

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a family of five museums: IWM London;

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a family of five museums: IWM London;

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a family of five museums: IWM London;

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a family of five museums: IWM London; IWM North in Trafford, Greater Manchester;

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a family of five museums: IWM London; IWM North in Trafford, Greater Manche

The Cold War Studies Project (CWSP) maintains LSE IDEAS as the leading centre in Europe for advanced study and research the Cold War. We focus on:

The massive underground structure, the Atomic War Command – ARK, was built during the Cold War period (1953-1979) to shelter Yugoslavia's leadership cadre, headed by President Josip Broz Tito.

During the 1970s and 80s, the burgeoning field of cybersecurity increasingly became an issue for national security, concerning intelligence services, the Pentagon and the White House. In a new project, the National Security Archive at George Washington University in Washington, DC, makes previously classified documents available to researchers and the interested public. A survey by Klaas Voss.

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The Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History is a category two federal scientific institution (ISF/FWI), as well as a state service with separate management (SEGS/SAB).

In the 1960s the distinguished historian Sir Michael Howard had a vision for a new kind of history of war.

The Center for Cold War International History Studies at East China Normal University (ECNU) was founded in 2001.

The Cold War was a global conflict and Cold War scholars are among the most international of academic communities - research on this time period is a collaborative effort of scholars from all over the world. This seven-part series is a cooperation of the Berlin Center for Cold War Studies and the Military History Portal. The interviews were conducted by Dr. Christoph Nübel (Humboldt University of Berlin) and Dr. Klaas Voß (Hamburg Institute for Social Research). This week: Prof. Dr. Hermann Wentker, Director of Research at the Institute for Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (Berlin, Germany). (In German)

Jan Hansen’s intention is "to ‘historicize’ the debate over rearmament and previous research on it." He endeavors to achieve this by taking an "alien perspective." Both are done with great success, as Karsten D. Voigt emphasized on the occasion of a book presentation hosted by the Willy-Brandt-Foundation on June, 2nd.

The tone of voice among allies could hardly have been more brusque. "The French government says it considers," in the words of a German diplomat to his superiors, "NATO obsolete in its present form. It has no illusions, however, that it might win over the other member states with its views. The French government says it knows that these states wish to uphold the principle of integration […]. Therefore the French government believes it would be useless (inutile) to negotiate the matter with its NATO partners." Ultimately, however, the crisis also revealed unexpected opportunities. By Ilse-Dorothee Pautsch.

The Saxo Institute at the University of Copenhagen is the University Institute of History, Ethnology, Greek and Latin, and Archeology.

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Visit the nuclear attack-proof fortress in Stevns Klint, and hear the story about one of Denmark's most secret places, which was located at the utmost frontline during the Cold War.

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The doctors' organization "International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW)" can serve as a vehicle for tracing the close ties between the protests against nuclear armament in the 1980s with the multilayered discussions and debates within West Germany. This is the point at which one must acknowledge that the Cold War had permeated society as a whole.

Large-scale multinational operations to vet those seeking refuge in Germany emerged during the final months of the Second World War and in the early Cold War years. Keith R. Allen explored the legacy of this history on May 17th.

 

At the beginning of the Second World War, air war was an unknown matter.  By the conflict's end, however, it was clear that air power had revolutionized future warfare.

 

Hans Dietrich Genscher was a great communicator and networker. The policy of de-escalation with the states of the Warsaw Pact that he called thoroughly "realistic" became his passion. With it he helped significantly to defuse the Cold War – as Agnes Bresselau von Bressensdorf concludes.

The John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies (JFKI) brings together six disciplines, in addition to numerous scholarships and exchange programs, and a world class research library.

The Center for the Study of Force and Diplomacy (CENFAD) fosters research and public programming on the historic and contemporary use of force and diplomacy in a national and global context.

The Center was created in 2001 by a group of former scholars of the University of Florence who were and are making historical research on the Cold War.

The Department of History and Classical Studies at McGill University is a large teaching and research unit with a focus on 20th Century, Canadian, and Ancient History.

Harvard University is a large research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

The Hamburg Institute for Social Research (HIS) is an operating foundation which was established in 1984 by Jan Philipp Reemtsma. Since 2015, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Knöbl is the director of Institute.

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