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East Germany and Italy were both peculiar cases in the Cold War. Similarly affected by structural frailties – weak economies, controversial relations with their respective allies, and mounting social unrest – they had limited leeway in international relations. Laura Fasanaro reflects on the history, politics, and geographic positions of both countries during the Cold War.

In the case of an escalation of the East-West conflict, all sectors of East German society were expected to meet the wartime needs of the National People's Army - the NVA – and fully support the operations of the country's forces and those of its allies. Already during peacetime, large parts of the GDR population had therefore been integrated into sweeping mobilization preparations. By Johannes Mühle.

The death of Helmut Kohl on 16 June 2017 awakened nostalgic reactions on social media, including the circulation of news clips about the historic meeting between Kohl and Erich Honecker in Bonn in 1987. Among those clips was a piece of television coverage by the Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE). By Laura Ellen Saarenmaa.

Since 1950, the relationship between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has been described by Chinese official media as an "unbreakable friendship" that was "always stable." Recent studies on their bilateral relations, however, tell quite a different story. The Sino-North Korean relationship not only repeatedly fell on hard times during the Cold War, the "traditional friendship" actually never really existed. By Tao Chen.

From air and water pollution to waste removal and forest dieback, the list of joint environmental issues between East and West Germany was anything but short. Thirty years ago, the two states reached an agreement to limit the effects of cross-border pollution. A study by Sophie Lange.

The two Germanies' respective South Asia policies relied on and referenced one another to such an extent that they on occasion punctured the bipolarity of the Cold War. In so doing the GDR and the FRG decidedly pursued their own interests, which often differed substantially from those of the superpowers on either side of the Iron Curtain. By Alexander Benatar.

Despite rising tensions between the superpowers during the early 1980s, both German states remained largely committed to the de-escalation process, even occasionally defying their respective hegemonic powers to pursue it. Precisely because the international climate had grown harsher, relations between East- and West German political analysts progressed both in quality and quantity in the following years. Sabine Loewe-Hannatzsch investigates.

My postdoctoral project "The Interpreters of Europe and the Cold War" compares significant national and cultural self-representations in postwar Europe with a focus on historiography and literary studies. The conclusions of French, German, and Polish scholars regarding their contemporary era often did not conform to the systemic rivalry's East-West logic. Academic interpretation and political categories obviously diverged.

By Barbara Picht

By Barbara Picht

East Berlin probably wanted to torment the Bonn government, yet again. But there were also practical reasons against switching to daylight savings time – for example, too many East Germans used the longer evenings for countryside excursions with their cars. By Ilse-Dorothee Pautsch

The command bunker of Odense, Denmark, was intended to offer shelter in case of a – most likely nuclear – World War III.

The Grenzhus Schlagsdorf presents the history of the Inner-German border between the Baltic Sea and the river Elbe.

Langelandsfort was built in 1952-53 as part of the Danish naval defense and in 1997 it was turned into a Cold war museum as part of the Langelands Museums.

Not far from the famous Museum Island, the Museum THE KENNEDYS presents one of the most extensive collections about the family history of the Kennedys.

The Center for Military History and Social Sciences of the German Armed Forces (ZMSBw) is a research institute of the Federal German Government.

The Prussian Palaces and Gardens along the river Havel were for 28 years a border region between the two German states. The exhibition "Gardeners don't fight wars: Prussia's Arcadia behind barbed wire" is open through 13 November 2016 in the Sacrow manor house. By Bettina Greiner.

 

The Political Archive is the memory of the German Foreign Service.

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Today, the former central prison of the East German secret police – the Stasi – is a memorial.

The Institute for Contemporary History (Ústav pro soudobé dějiny AV ČR - USD) is one of the research establishments of the Czech Academy of Sciences.

The Cold War was a global conflict and Cold War scholars are among the most international of academic communities - research on this time period is a collaborative effort of scholars from all over the world. This seven-part series is a cooperation of the Berlin Center for Cold War Studies and the Military History Portal. The interviews were conducted by Dr. Christoph Nübel (Humboldt University of Berlin) and Dr. Klaas Voß (Hamburg Institute for Social Research). This week: Prof. Dr. Hermann Wentker, Director of Research at the Institute for Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (Berlin, Germany). (In German)

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The mission of The Wende Museum is to preserve Cold War art, culture and history from the Soviet bloc countries, inspire a broad understanding of the period, end explore its enduring legacy.

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The doctors' organization "International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW)" can serve as a vehicle for tracing the close ties between the protests against nuclear armament in the 1980s with the multilayered discussions and debates within West Germany. This is the point at which one must acknowledge that the Cold War had permeated society as a whole.

Large-scale multinational operations to vet those seeking refuge in Germany emerged during the final months of the Second World War and in the early Cold War years. Keith R. Allen explored the legacy of this history on May 17th.

 

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Based on the state Law of Saxony-Anhalt dating from 2015 the state commissioner of Saxony-Anhalt is responsible for dealing with the past of the dictatorship of Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SE

The Hannah Arendt Institute for the research on Totalitarianism at the TU Dresden (HAIT) devotes itself to systematic and comparative research of National Socialism and Communism, which, as ideolog

Based on the Thuringian Rehabilitation Law from 2013 the regional commissioner is responsible for dealing with the past of the dictatorship of Socialist

Berlin is the focal point of Ku'damm '56, a three-part miniseries on Germany's ZDF public broadcaster. But in it the Cold War fades into a backdrop full of clichés. Sophia Lange comments on a film full of lost opportunities. 

Since 2007 the memorial ROTER OCHSE Halle (Saale) belongs to the Memorials Foundation of Saxony-Anhalt.

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Schifflersgrund was the first German Border Museum in Germany.

The Borderland Museum Eichsfeld was opened in 1995 at the former inner-German border crossing point Duderstadt-Worbis (at the border between Lower Saxony and Thuringia).

The Baltic Border Tower Society was founded in 2002 with the objective of preserving the GDR border observation tower in Kuehlungsborn as a historic memorial, and conveying the history of the tower

The educational institution "Former Inner German Border", situated in the Culture Center kultur.werk.stadt.

The Moritzplatz Magdeburg Memorial is located in the former Magdeburg-Neustadt remand prison. It commemorates the people who were imprisoned here for political reasons between 1945 and 1989.

The Probstzella GDR Border Railroad Museum is situated halfway between Berlin and Munich. This station in the city of Probstzella was used as a GDR Border Checkpoint from 1949 until 1990.

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The Cold War Museum® is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization dedicated to education, preservation, and research on the global, ideological, and political confrontations between East and West from th

CEGIL (Lorraine Research Group in Multicultural German Studies) is made up of specialists in German, Austrian, Scandinavian and Dutch literature, in the history of ideas and civilization (15th-21st

The Federal Agency for Civic Education (Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung/bpb) is a public institution that promotes democratic awareness and political participation.

The Foundation's work focus is to explore the life and work of Ernst Reuter (1889-1953), the first Governing Mayor of Berlin.

The Deutsche Kinemathek is a Museum presenting the history of Film and Television. Its rich archive of moving images and related material are open to the public for research.

The Centre Marc Bloch is a Franco-German Research Center for Social Sciences and was founded after German Reunification.

The museum, located at the historic site of the German surrender on May 8th, 1945, originated out of a former Soviet military museum.

Lively, interactive and just a little intoxicating, the DDR Museum presents life in the former GDR as it was experienced by ordinary people.

The Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (IfZ) is one of the largest non-university historical research institutes in Germany.

The Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (IfZ) is one of the largest non-university historical research institutes in Germany.

The Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (IfZ) is one of the largest non-university historical research institutes in Germany.

The Ibero-American Institute (IAI) is an interdisciplinary center for academic and cultural exchange between Germany and Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal.

The Berlin artist Yadegar Asisi depicts with the panorama picture THE WALL the life at and in the shadow of the Wall on a fictitious autumn day in the 1980s.

Why Yemen? What exactly was East Germany looking for there, in this forgotten corner of the world? And under what circumstances could this ideology imported from Central Europe be implemented? Miriam Müller's interdisciplinary case study of East Germany's intense involvement with the sole Marxist-Leninist state in the Arabian Peninsula – the People's Republic of Yemen – goes far beyond these questions.

The Federal Foundation for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Eastern Germany contributes, through research sponsorships and its own projects (including exhibitions and publications), to a

We maintain the oldest relic of the Berlin Wall, the former GDR watch tower near Potsdamer Platz.

The Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt Foundation commemorates the life and political legacy of this Social Democratic politician, internationally recognized statesman and Nobel Peace Prize winner.

The Deutsches Historisches Museum (German Historical Museum) is Germany’s national historical museum.

For years, East Germany's Communist party, the SED, promoted the impression that it was cultivating a close and special relationship with the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) under the leadership of Yasser Arafat on the basis of common values and shared political goals. Lutz Maeke reaches a different conclusion: Conflict and confrontation, and not friendship and trust, marked the relationship between the GDR and the PLO under Arafat's chairmanship from the beginning.

The association seeks to establish a Cold War Museum at Checkpoint Charlie and supports the Cold W

The Education and Research Department (BF) conducts basic research on important subject areas.

The Foundation encompasses two locations. The Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum is the museum of flight and emigration in divided Germany.

The unification process between the two German states began on November 9, 1989. The event was a watershed for the project of European integration project. From the German perspective this process has been thoroughly investigated. The responses of the major powers as well as Britain and France are likewise well researched. To the present day, however, the Italian reaction is insufficiently documented. Deborah Cuccia sheds light on Italy's role in her dissertation project.

The Hamburg Institute for Social Research (HIS) is an operating foundation which was established in 1984 by Jan Philipp Reemtsma. Since 2015, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Knöbl is the director of Institute.

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