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East Germany and Italy were both peculiar cases in the Cold War. Similarly affected by structural frailties – weak economies, controversial relations with their respective allies, and mounting social unrest – they had limited leeway in international relations. Laura Fasanaro reflects on the history, politics, and geographic positions of both countries during the Cold War.

The rivalry of the systems following 1945 brought about a political fragmentation in a small area in Southeastern Europe that was second to none. The consideration of the region as a "focal point of the Cold War" is therefore almost inevitable, in order to discuss interactions between global power constellations and local characteristics and continuities.
Janis Nalbadidacis and Matthias Thaden on a workshop at the HU Berlin.

Established in April 2016, the Black Sea Institute (BSI) is an independent research center dedicated to the analysis of European, Russian and Chinese affairs in the Black Sea region.

The death of Helmut Kohl on 16 June 2017 awakened nostalgic reactions on social media, including the circulation of news clips about the historic meeting between Kohl and Erich Honecker in Bonn in 1987. Among those clips was a piece of television coverage by the Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE). By Laura Ellen Saarenmaa.

The Museum Konperensi Asia-Afrika (KAA), based in Bandung, Indonesia, represents the historical values of the Asian-African Conference of 1955.

The Cold War Studies Project (CWSP) maintains LSE IDEAS as the leading centre in Europe for advanced study and research the Cold War. We focus on:

The Aleksanteri Institute functions as a national centre of research, study and expertise pertaining to Russia and Eastern Europe, particularly in the social sciences and humanities.

The economic enshrining of de-escalation in Europe established the framework for the subsequent summit diplomacy of Reagan and Gorbachev and contributed immensely to the demise of the Communist system. By Stephan Kieninger.

The Political Archive is the memory of the German Foreign Service.

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) has a long tradition of research and public service in the area of international relations in Brazil.

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The Cold War was the defining ideological, cultural, economic and geopolitical struggle of the second half of the twentieth century.

The Institute for Contemporary History (Ústav pro soudobé dějiny AV ČR - USD) is one of the research establishments of the Czech Academy of Sciences.

The Center for Cold War International History Studies at East China Normal University (ECNU) was founded in 2001.

By the mid 1960s, both the American and the West German governments were eager to foster liberalizing changes in Eastern Europe through an expansion of East-West communication. The assumption was that Communist rulers were prepared to open up their systems gradually for freer movement of people, information and ideas provided that they were granted international security.

The Cold War was a global conflict and Cold War scholars are among the most international of academic communities - research on this time period is a collaborative effort of scholars from all over the world. This seven-part series is a cooperation of the Berlin Center for Cold War Studies and the Military History Portal. The interviews were conducted by Dr. Christoph Nübel (Humboldt University of Berlin) and Dr. Klaas Voß (Hamburg Institute for Social Research). This week: Prof. Dr. Hermann Wentker, Director of Research at the Institute for Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (Berlin, Germany). (In German)

The History Department at the Bar-Ilan University offers history courses for undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Jan Hansen’s intention is "to ‘historicize’ the debate over rearmament and previous research on it." He endeavors to achieve this by taking an "alien perspective." Both are done with great success, as Karsten D. Voigt emphasized on the occasion of a book presentation hosted by the Willy-Brandt-Foundation on June, 2nd.

The tone of voice among allies could hardly have been more brusque. "The French government says it considers," in the words of a German diplomat to his superiors, "NATO obsolete in its present form. It has no illusions, however, that it might win over the other member states with its views. The French government says it knows that these states wish to uphold the principle of integration […]. Therefore the French government believes it would be useless (inutile) to negotiate the matter with its NATO partners." Ultimately, however, the crisis also revealed unexpected opportunities. By Ilse-Dorothee Pautsch.

The Saxo Institute at the University of Copenhagen is the University Institute of History, Ethnology, Greek and Latin, and Archeology.

What really happened in the days leading up to the decision to destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki may never be known. But there is considerable evidence that diplomatic reasons concerning the Soviet Union — not military reasons concerning Japan — may have been important in the decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan in August, 1945. By Gar Alperovitz.

The purpose of the University of Helsinki's Network for European Studies (NES), which was founded in 2002, is to promote and coordinate the study of European issues within all faculties and discipl

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The History Department at the University of Exeter is at the forefront of many areas of historical research.

The History Department of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies teaches and researches the contemporary world through its layered histories and from a multiplicity of pers

Hans Dietrich Genscher was a great communicator and networker. The policy of de-escalation with the states of the Warsaw Pact that he called thoroughly "realistic" became his passion. With it he helped significantly to defuse the Cold War – as Agnes Bresselau von Bressensdorf concludes.

In mid-March, 1985, the youngest member of the Soviet Politburo, Mikhail Gorbachev, was elected General Secretary. In retrospect this date seems to us like one of the turning points in the history of the Cold War. Yet, how did contemporaries view Gorbachev? Historian Ilse Dorothee Pautsch, head of the team editing the foreign policy records of the German Federal Republic, consults newly declassified records for an answer.

The John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies (JFKI) brings together six disciplines, in addition to numerous scholarships and exchange programs, and a world class research library.

The Federal Agency for Civic Education (Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung/bpb) is a public institution that promotes democratic awareness and political participation.

The Center for the Study of Force and Diplomacy (CENFAD) fosters research and public programming on the historic and contemporary use of force and diplomacy in a national and global context.

Founded in 1985 by journalists and scholars to check rising government secrecy, the National Security Archive based at the George Washington University in Washington D.C.

The Center was established in December 1998, as the first scholarly institution founded as a non-profit organization in East Central Europe.

The Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) supports the full and prompt release of historical materials by governments on all sides of the Cold War, and seeks to accelerate the process of i

The Center was created in 2001 by a group of former scholars of the University of Florence who were and are making historical research on the Cold War.

The Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (IfZ) is one of the largest non-university historical research institutes in Germany.

The Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (IfZ) is one of the largest non-university historical research institutes in Germany.

Our research focuses on global and international history in the 20th century.

Why Yemen? What exactly was East Germany looking for there, in this forgotten corner of the world? And under what circumstances could this ideology imported from Central Europe be implemented? Miriam Müller's interdisciplinary case study of East Germany's intense involvement with the sole Marxist-Leninist state in the Arabian Peninsula – the People's Republic of Yemen – goes far beyond these questions.

The Department of History and Classical Studies at McGill University is a large teaching and research unit with a focus on 20th Century, Canadian, and Ancient History.

Harvard University is a large research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Austin Jersild discussed his current publication projects as well as his current research on the Sino-Soviet rivalry in the Third World. His forthcoming work includes articles on Sino-East European relations in the 1950s as part of a volume on the normalization of Sino-European relations produced by the Cold War International History Project in Washington, D.C.

The Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt Foundation commemorates the life and political legacy of this Social Democratic politician, internationally recognized statesman and Nobel Peace Prize winner.

The unification process between the two German states began on November 9, 1989. The event was a watershed for the project of European integration project. From the German perspective this process has been thoroughly investigated. The responses of the major powers as well as Britain and France are likewise well researched. To the present day, however, the Italian reaction is insufficiently documented. Deborah Cuccia sheds light on Italy's role in her dissertation project.


In this joint public lecture series with the Humboldt University of Berlin, renowned international historians present their findings to an interested public. Fields and topics include military and diplomatic history, the history of emotions, social movements and "counter-experts", the history of knowledge and science, and cultures of memory. A number of these lectures are in English. Please refer to the more detailed program below for further information.

The Hamburg Institute for Social Research (HIS) is an operating foundation which was established in 1984 by Jan Philipp Reemtsma. Since 2015, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Knöbl is the director of Institute.

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