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East Germany and Italy were both peculiar cases in the Cold War. Similarly affected by structural frailties – weak economies, controversial relations with their respective allies, and mounting social unrest – they had limited leeway in international relations. Laura Fasanaro reflects on the history, politics, and geographic positions of both countries during the Cold War.

The death of Helmut Kohl on 16 June 2017 awakened nostalgic reactions on social media, including the circulation of news clips about the historic meeting between Kohl and Erich Honecker in Bonn in 1987. Among those clips was a piece of television coverage by the Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE). By Laura Ellen Saarenmaa.

The two Germanies' respective South Asia policies relied on and referenced one another to such an extent that they on occasion punctured the bipolarity of the Cold War. In so doing the GDR and the FRG decidedly pursued their own interests, which often differed substantially from those of the superpowers on either side of the Iron Curtain. By Alexander Benatar.

In the mid-1980s they achieved the seemingly impossible. With their summit diplomacy, Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev blazed a trail for the political imagination, revealing how a world beyond containment, distrust and suspicion might look – only a few years after East-West relations appeared to have suddenly gone to the dogs again. Bernd Greiner on the book of Kristina Spohr and Ravid Reynolds.

The economic enshrining of de-escalation in Europe established the framework for the subsequent summit diplomacy of Reagan and Gorbachev and contributed immensely to the demise of the Communist system. By Stephan Kieninger.

The Political Archive is the memory of the German Foreign Service.

By the mid 1960s, both the American and the West German governments were eager to foster liberalizing changes in Eastern Europe through an expansion of East-West communication. The assumption was that Communist rulers were prepared to open up their systems gradually for freer movement of people, information and ideas provided that they were granted international security.

Jan Hansen’s intention is "to ‘historicize’ the debate over rearmament and previous research on it." He endeavors to achieve this by taking an "alien perspective." Both are done with great success, as Karsten D. Voigt emphasized on the occasion of a book presentation hosted by the Willy-Brandt-Foundation on June, 2nd.

The Saxo Institute at the University of Copenhagen is the University Institute of History, Ethnology, Greek and Latin, and Archeology.

No translation currently available

Gabriele Metzler draws attention to a research field offering excellent opportunities for investigating patterns of interpreting and classifying the "Cold War:" the history of marine and polar exploration.

Hans Dietrich Genscher was a great communicator and networker. The policy of de-escalation with the states of the Warsaw Pact that he called thoroughly "realistic" became his passion. With it he helped significantly to defuse the Cold War – as Agnes Bresselau von Bressensdorf concludes.

In mid-March, 1985, the youngest member of the Soviet Politburo, Mikhail Gorbachev, was elected General Secretary. In retrospect this date seems to us like one of the turning points in the history of the Cold War. Yet, how did contemporaries view Gorbachev? Historian Ilse Dorothee Pautsch, head of the team editing the foreign policy records of the German Federal Republic, consults newly declassified records for an answer.

Our joint exhibition with the Federal Foundation for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Eastern Germany titled "The Cold War. Causes - History - Consequences" will be available to public schools, universities, cultural or political institutions and the interested public starting in March 2016. With more than 160 historical photos and documents as well as QR codes linking to additional visual material, the exhibition provides a rich and impressive panorama of the Cold War as a determinant of global politics in the 20th century.

The Center was established in December 1998, as the first scholarly institution founded as a non-profit organization in East Central Europe.

The Institute of Contemporary History Munich – Berlin (IfZ) is one of the largest non-university historical research institutes in Germany.

The Federal Foundation for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Eastern Germany contributes, through research sponsorships and its own projects (including exhibitions and publications), to a

The Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt Foundation commemorates the life and political legacy of this Social Democratic politician, internationally recognized statesman and Nobel Peace Prize winner.

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